Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is an island surrounded by the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait, and lies in the vicinity of India and the Maldives. Its capital is Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte.

Culture of Sri Lanka
  • Music
  • Dance
  • Costume
  • Religion
  • Cuisine

There are sets of folk poems called kavi unique to members of different castes. These originated as a way to pass time for the individual groups as they engaged in their work. Today, they are sung as a form of cultural expression.

Kavi also exists that accompany folk rituals. The rituals are rarely performed today but the songs survive among folk musicians.

Another traditional Sri Lankan folk style is called the virindu. It involves an improvised poem sung to the beaten melody of a rabana. In the past there were contests in which two virindu singers would compete with verse.


There are folk dances in Sri Lanka, which are associated with folk activities and festivities. Leekeli, Kalageldi and Raban folk dances prevalent at the present time.


A Sri Lankan man wearing Dhoti.

Dhoti, Lungi, Sarong and Sari are the folk Costumes of Sri Lanka.


Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Christianity are the main religions in this coutry.


Sri Lankan cuisine is one of the complex cuisines of South Asia. Due to its proximity to South India the cuisine of Sri Lanka shows some influence, yet is in many ways quite distinct. As a major trade hub, it draws influence from colonial powers that were involved in Sri Lanka and by foreign traders. Rice, which is consumed daily, can be found at any occasion, while spicy curries are favorite dishes for dinner and lunch.

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